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Corporate Structure

40 x 50 cm Oil on canvas. Monet's Woman in a Garden painted by Kamila Figler! For sale! Interested? It's better get the painting before I graduate, because you might not afford it when I will become a famous artist;)

Is there any conglomerate structure in Visual Arts industry in the United Kingdom?

1. Map of the ownership structure of content producers.

There are a few groups that play more important role in the Art Industry.
For instance, the British Council Arts group develops innovative events and collaborations that link thousands of artists and cultural institutions around the world, drawing them into a closer relationship with the UK.
The Royal Photographic Society Visual Arts Group links all fans of photography and art,
The Scottish Visual Arts group focuses on museums, galleries and other organisations as well as individuals associated with archives, records or collections related to the visual arts.
The Art Group is a market leader in contemporary art publishing.
For over 20 years we’ve been working with thousands of artists to
supply quality wall art, cards and frames to a global market.
The London Group is an artists’ exhibiting society based in London, England, founded in 1913.
There is also Voluntary Arts Network which aims to increase participation in the arts, and its local part,Voluntary Arts England.

You can also take a look at the map I posted here.

2. Which are the conglomerates behind the content producers?

Well, It is quite hard to find any conglomerate in the Visual Arts Industry in United Kingdom, mostly because most of the content producers are the artists or photographers who work as freelancers. Many of them have their websites, some of them have their agencies or companies, like for example Electronic Arts which specializes rather in production of the computer games.

Leading Light Conceptual Design Ltd, based in Surrey, is a UK company specializing in Concept Art and Production design for the Entertainment industry. They produce Art content for, among others, the conglomerates such as EA Games, Microsoft Games Studios, Sony, Fujitsu and BBC Two.

After some research I found an useful website! ArtsAccessUK.org is an access guide for the UK Arts.
You can find artforms like: Architecture, crafts, Combined Arts, Dance, Design, Digital content, Drama, Education/training, Festival, Film/Video, Heritage, Installation/Live Art/Performance Art,Public Art or Street arts/carnival. In the areas: all of UK, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, East Midlands, Greater London…

3. How big is the share not owned by UK companies?
Well, the Art Industry is enormous! According to ARTFACTS.NET There are (attention!) 240,192 Visual Artists and 19905 Art institutions worldwide!
As Louise Nevelson once said:

Art is everywhere, except it has to pass through a creative mind.

4. What are the effects of these conglomerates on cultural production and society?
I think that in case of Art industry, conglomerates are not as influencial as single independent artists, whose names became famous. Generally I noticed the trend that the higher status of a social class, the greater is the need for original, famous paintings. Modern society looks for the meaning in art. Shocking images can became famous sooner that other ones. To influence a cultural production an artist must come with a new idea or present something in a different way in order to make his art unique and popular.

Art is not what you see, but what you make others see.– Edgar Degas

There are so many influencial British artists… Selecting one was not an easy task.
I chose Henry Moore, known for his abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art. In this article I analyze his career in terms of factors that contributed to his fame.

Henry Moore was one of the most influencial English artists of the 20th century.
He was born on the 30th of July 1898 in Castleford, Yorkshire, England.
His interest in sculpture appeared in early childchood. Moore attended infant and elementary schools in Castleford, where he began modelling in clay and carving in wood. He decided to become a sculptor when he was eleven inspired by the achievements of Michelangelo.

Moore’s talent to medieval sculpture was noticed by a teacher and he got a scholarship at Castleford Secondary School. With the determination to make art his career, Moore got grants to study sculpture at the Leeds School of Art in 1919.
Two years later he won a scholarship to study at the Royal College of Art in London. Possibility to study in this city allowed him to make his knowledge of primitive art and sculpture even broader, studying the ethnographic collections at the Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Museum.

Moore presented a modern approach in his modern Victorian style early works which were not appreciated by his tutors. 1924 was a year of experiencing the European art of great artists. Moore won a six-month scholarship which allowed him to travel to Italy and also to France. In Northern Italy he studied the great works of Michelangelo, Giotto di Bondone and Giovanni Pisano, artists who definitely influenced his style. During the visit in Paris Moore appraised the sculptural works in Louvre and took timed-sketching classes at Academie Colarossi.

On returning to London, Moore undertook a seven-year teaching post at the Royal College of Art. He was required to work two days a week, which allowed him time to spend on his own work. His first public commission, West Wind (1928–29), was one of the eight ‘winds’ reliefs high on the walls of London Underground’s headquarters at 55 Broadway.
In 1932, Moore took up a post as the Head of the Department of Sculpture at the Chelsea School of Art.
At this time, after becoming a member of abstract passionates – Seven and Five Society, he was also frequently travelling to Paris.

During the war, Moore was commissioned as a war artist, notably producing powerful drawings of Londoners sleeping in the London Underground. He got married to Irina, who started posing for him when they moved to a studio in Hampstead on Parkhill Road. 1940, he and Irina moved out of London to live in a farmhouse called Hoglands.

In 1946 Moore made his first visit to America when a retrospective exhibition of his work opened at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

Kenneth Clark became an unlikely but influential champion of Moore’s work, and through his position as member of the Arts Council of Great Britain he secured exhibitions and commissions for the artist. In 1948, Moore won the International Sculpture Prize at the Venice Biennale and was one of the featured artists of the Festival of Britain in 1951.

In the 1950s, Moore began to receive increasingly significant commissions, including a reclining figure for the UNESCO building in Paris in 1957. With many more public works of art, the scale of Moore’s sculptures grew significantly.
Exhibition in Florence and successes in London made his wealth grow so he established Henry Moore Foundation to promote the public appreciation of art and to preserve his sculptures.

Henry Moore, OM, CH, Reclining Figure, 1951, plaster and string, 105.4 x 227.3 x 89.2 cm, Tate Gallery, London.

Factors that contributed to the success of Henry Moore are:
1. Good Education
2. Contacts with influencial figures
2. Passion, determiation, productivity
3. Travelling to experience different cultures
4. Study the works of great artists to get inspired
5. Presenting his works in famous places

If you are interested in works of Henry Moore, go to Tate Britain! Exhibition of his sculptures is open until 8 of August 2010.
References:
1.Tate Britain Website
2.Henry Moore : an illustrated biography Packer, William. London : Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1985.
3. The art of Henry Moore, Will Grohmann. Imprint London : Readers Union, 1966.
4. Henry Moore: Space, Sculpture, Politics. Beckett, Jane; Russell, Fiona. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate, 2003

Regulatory Practice

Who has got the power? What are the objectives of the regulatory bodies?
How do they operate?

Before 1994 There were two the most powerful regulatory bodies in the UK:
Arts Council of Great Britain and Arts Council of Northern Ireland.
But in 1994 Arts Council of Great Britain break up creating the following three:
Arts Council England
Scottish Arts Council
Arts Council of Wales

The Hertfordshire Visual Arts Forum is a voluntary, non-profit-distributing organisation established in 1990.The HVAF is the only countywide visual arts organisation for Hertfordshire.Hertfordshire Visual Arts Forum is for everyone who is interested in visual arts, full or part-time. Run by an enthusiastic voluntary Organising Group, with members from all areas of involvement in the visual arts who live or work in the county.

It took me a long time to find out who is the owner of the Visual Arts in the United Kingdom. This map presents the result of my search.

There are four major players – governmental bodies located in four regions of the UK:
Arts Council England
Arts Coulcil Northern Ireland
Arts Council Wales
• and Scottish Arts Council

How far will you go when you brainstorm your words? Our task in class was to play with different synonyms and antonyms coming to our minds, brainstorm them and present a logic business idea to create a successful company.

My creativity went far too far from Visual Arts, finding actually other business idea to launch in London – home cat sitting. Well, I think that if I could make it work, it might become first of its kind, quite interesting and  unique business;)

But back to the field of the Arts, finally I came up with :

‘An extraordinarily hypnotic company creating photography masterpieces with the use of magic.’

An image:

Hypnosis – I can’t find a good illustration of hypnosis at the moment, but as far as I’m adding only the pictures taken/created/painted/photoshopped by me to adorn this blog, I will add one when I will get it done.

A sound:

I associate my idea for the company with magic. The sound that best represents the company is the movement of the magic wand with the shimmering stars, known from the tales like for example Cinderella- the moment when the fairy touches the object causing its metamorphose.


A word:

It’s really hard to capture the whole idea what the business is about in one word.

Revolution

And this is how I created my dream company:

The final result: The projection of my photography business designed by me

This is the logo of my company – a photoshop montage of my pictures with the logo signifying my works.

This assignment made me more creative than I expected. It let me realize that with the skills, tools and knowledge I am able to create my own business. And actually I can make it successful.

The effect of convergence

How does it influence the media? How does it affect the creative and cultural industries? Does it have anything in common with the creativity in London?

Which traditional media do you think are bound to disappear or transform due to convergence? Why?

Nowadays the news is easily accessible from the Internet. There are many magazines being published only online.  Thanks to the technical development we can save the trees.

Paper based media are bound to disappear.

When it comes to data storage, CDs are going to become useless, because of the popularity of the memory sticks and memory cards, which are smaller and can store more information

Will convergence make London an even more multicultural and creative city?

High standard of living in one of the most economically developed city in Europe was visible for me when I took the tube for the first time after arriving to London. What I noticed was that all the people in the underground were using mobiles with touchpads, like iphone, and I couldn’t see a single person using a mobile with a keypad. Such a  multifunctional device like an iphone or ipod and other newest mobiles let people carry more useful or sometimes less useful tools with them daily. 5 megapixel camera allows to take a high quality picture. GPS and googlemaps show us the way easily when we enter the postcode. We can be always in touch with friends via Facebook and other services easily accessible from our mobile.

What is more, nowadays it is unlikely to see a person with such a popular in the 1990s CD player in the street.  It has been replaced by mp3 players and ipods. Also instead of reading a newspaper people read the news online. Due to the effect of convergence we can save the space in the bag and instead of taking map, laptop, camera and newspaper separately we can have one small device.   As the convergence continues, this process definitely makes London an even more creative city. New technologies develop better ways of communication in the company, they also let schools use better solutions and making better resources more accessible lead to the higher level of education. Working conditions together with good education attract more people from different countries and as a result London becomes even more multicultural.

10 the most useful websites

The sources, tools and knowledge

Looking for the sources to your Art research? There you go!

From probably all the existing websites about the Art Industry I selected the best ones evaluating their content in terms of accuracy, authority, currency, objectivity and coverage to create the list of 10 most useful references for the Visual Arts Industry.

1. B B C

This is BBC website with the latest art and culture news. It gives the possibility to catch up all TV arts, culture and media programmes on BBC TV. I found it a very useful website, where all the information is up-to-date.

2. National Gallery/

This is the official website of the National Gallery in London with the information about the most interesting events and exhibitions. It is very helpful when it comes to plan your visit. There is a complete list of paintings by each artist in the collection. You can also find 30 must-see paintings.

3. Arts Council

This website is Arts Council official website. Its aim is to develop, promote and invest in the Arts in England. There are basic information about funding, publications, artforms and also news and press.

4. Arts Industry/

Arts Industry is first with the news and jobs for the culture industry. It contains the latest news and job offers. If you are interested, you can subscribe to Arts Industry Magazine.

5. creative-choices

A service from Creative and Cultural skills presenting Visual Arts Industry as a sector for the career. The articles include the description of the job profile and how to survive as an artist. The service provide the tools, knowledge and networks to support the artists. There is also an option to subscribe to e-Newsletter if you want to get the latest news regularly.

6.  V A G A/

VAGA is the abbreviation standing for the Visual Arts and Galleries Association. This organisation promotes the Visual Arts in the UK with its active network of professionals. The society consists of people with passion for art, working for galleries, museums and art organisations.

7. Arts Award

Arts Award helps artists to get nationally recognized qualification in any area of the arts. It teaches how to develop the skills in the arts industry and to make you believe that you have got the power as a creator. By getting through the stages you create your final portfolio and you get a recognized national qualification.

8. Culture 24

This is the service providing the news about the artists and galleries. Culture24 was listed by the Guardian as one of the essential sites of 2009. Full of different resources, with reviews and previews, divided into sections like: painting and drawing, photography and film, design, architecture, craft, sculpture, live and public art and new media.

9.  Great Britons

Great Britons British talent search is the service created by the British  Airways, directed towards people who have the talent and want to show it off. Everyone who is commited to being the best in his field can apply.

10.  Intute.ac.uk

Intute is a huge academic database consisting of the resources that cannot be found in search engines. It covers diverse fields. This particular document is a huge collection of the Internet resources for the visual arts listed by categories. I found this base of links immensely helpful to my research.

Visual Arts UK

London is a perfect place for Visual Artists. Photograph taken by me 14/02/2010

There are some basic facts about the Visual Arts Industry in the United Kingdom.

  • There are 1379 Art Institutions (Art Fairs, Art Journals, Art Schools, Auction Houses, Editions, Prints, Non-profit organizations, Private Galleries, Public Institutions) in the United Kingdom
  • 749 of them is based in London
  • London is the city with the greatest number of private galleries – 588!
    Source: Art Facts
  • There are over 2,300 masterpieces in the National Gallery in London
  • There are 90 listed venues offering Visual Arts in the UK
  • According toArtsAccessUK

  • About 60 percent of artists and related workers are self-employed.
  • Artists usually develop their skills through a bachelor’s degree program or other postsecondary training in art or design.
  • Earnings for self-employed artists vary widely; some well-established artists earn more than salaried artists, while others find it difficult to rely solely on income earned from selling art.
    Source: artfacts.net